The kind of suburban residential and commercial development that has been prevalent in New Jersey over the last 40 years is referred to as sprawl.
It is characterized by: development of formerly “green” land; separated uses (homes, shopping, employment and recreational facilities far away from each other); low density single-family homes on large lots; dependence on cars to get around; and little public open space.
Sprawl development has turned out to be harmful to the state and its residents. Automobile-related pollution, loss of farmland, increased rates of obesity and increasingly unsustainable property tax rates are just some of the effects of sprawl development.
Smart-growth development, by contrast, seeks to direct growth to areas where infrastructure already exists, where higher densities make the provision of public services less expensive, and where different kinds of uses can be located near each other for easy access by residents, where the same amount of land produces higher tax revenues, and where transportation options other than cars are readily available.
The New Jersey Conference on the Fourth Regional Plan highlighted issues of affordability, transportation, technology, access to opportunity, and climate change.
The new Census estimates show a continuation of county population trends: Older, already-built places see growth, and exurban counties see population losses.
A new report identifies a significant mismatch in New Jersey between where large numbers of older residents live and which municipalities are most prepared, from a land-use perspective, to accommodate them.
The suburban places that used to lead the list of fastest-growing municipalities in New Jersey are still growing, just more slowly.
New population migration data show that, at least for the moment, New Jersey’s pattern of sprawl development has slowed significantly.
Two webinars examining how communities can implement the state’s updated non-contiguous cluster development law to steer growth to areas that make sense and preserve the open land that would otherwise have been needed to accommodate that growth. Tuesday, Dec. 3, 2013, at noon and Tuesday, Dec. 10, 2013, at noon.
There is a significant mismatch in New Jersey between where large numbers of older residents live and which municipalities are most prepared to accommodate them. This report matches every municipality against four age-friendliness indicators, and analyzes the degree to which New Jersey’s older residents are living in places that, from a land-use perspective, are not prepared to accommodate their changing needs. January 2014.
Trransfer of development rights (TDR) and clustering are tools that municipalities in New Jersey can use to direct growth and preserve open space.
An overview of cluster development in New Jersey, along with relevant resources.
Some frequently-asked questions about how smart growth would affect New Jersey’s future development, including how it affects traffic, taxes, and land preservation.
Reports, Presentations and Testimony
- Route 1 Planning Through Partnerships
- Built Out Permit Activity 12-10
- Built Out 12-10
- 12/14/2011: Joint Statement on A4422-S3165 Permit Extension Act
- Land Use Trends NJPHA 2011
- Financial Benefits of Density in Two New Jersey Downtowns 7-11 (Intern report)
- 11/30/2011: Coalition Statement on Grow NJ Bill
- Executive Order-78
- 10/18/2011: Comments: Proposed Amendments to BPU Main Extension Rules
- Smart Growth NJ August 2011 Poll Report
- 04/02/2012: NJFuture Comments to State Planning Commission on Draft State Strategic Plan
- How Clustering Works
- New Jersey Future Van Abs 2014 Pinelands Growth Area Water Assessment
- Creating Places To Age in New Jersey municipal data
- 10/14/2011: Comments: OCE Clean Energy Incentives Proposal
- 02/17/2014 - Creating Places To Age in New Jersey Municipal Best Practices
- Creating Places To Age Bergen-Passaic Supplement
- 3/11/2013: Economic Investments Strategically and Avoid Subsidizing Sprawl
- Presentation: Affordable Land Preservation Tools 6-1-11
- Notes on Affordable Land Preservation Tools 6-1-11
- Presentation: The Status of Transfer of Development Rights in New Jersey 12-10
- Transfer of Development Rights Task Force Report 08-11-10
- Case Studies in Transfer of Development Rights 8-10 (Intern report)
- Planning Ahead 11-09
- 05/07/2009 Testimony on Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit Act
- 04-03-2009 Letter to DEP re Global Warming Solutions Fund Rules
- Getting to Work 11-08
- Climate Change and Land Use 10-08
- APA-NJ Non-Contiguous Clustering 3-08
- Moving Out: New Jersey's Population Growth and Migration Patterns
- Historic Preservation 03-05
- Race to the Middle: The Homogenization of New Jersey's Population Density
- Transfer of Development Rights (Updated) 05-04
- A New Vision for the Highlands 02-04
- Impact Fees 01-04
- Tax Reform 09-03
- Smart Conservation: The "Green" Side of Smart Growth
- Rethinking Farmland Preservation in New Jersey 05-01
- Achieving Genuine Prosperity 04-01
- Case Study Hopewell Township 08-00